Note    N1178         Index
Christopher Pigott born 1966, won a poster award from Governor Ray of Iowa in 1980, American Legion Citizenship award from Immaculate Conception grade school, football player and computer studies at the University of Iowa, Vice President for Genesis Professional Services, a Silicon Valley software developer, self-employed tech recuiter. He married Alison Matthew (here names children)."


Note    H1179         Index
BIRTH: The birth and baptismal certificate for Cornelius Pigott establishes his birth as July 6, 1839 and his baptism on July 7, 1839 in the church of St. Martin at Kilworth.

Cornelius and Annie Eagan were married on March 28, 1870 at St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church at 221 West Market St. Newark, New Jersey, on March 28, 1870.

A document for the District of New York, Port of New York dated 4-11-1866 lists the passengers aboard the steamship S. S. Hecla under captain Joseph Edmondson. The Hecla departed Liverpool, England and Queenstown, Ireland and carried Cornelius Pigott, age 20 (often estimated), laborer, riding in the steerage of the shop. Robert Pigott, op.cit.

1870 U.A. Census, Negaunee, Marquette County, Michigan, 27 June, 1870,
1880 U.S. Census, Cherokee Co. IA; Sheridan T/S, SD4, ED50, Sheet 27 (FHL #1254332)
1885 IA Census, Cherokee Co. IA; Sheridan T/S, Pg 389, Line 11 (FHL#1021451);
1895 IA Census, Cherokee Co. IA; Sheridan T/S, Pg 20, Line 10 (FHL #1020342);
1900 U.S. Census, Cherokee Co. IA; Sheridan T/S, SD11, ED22, Sheet 11Line 19

In the 1870 census for Negaunee it shows Cornelius Picket [sic], age 25, farmer, and Margaret, age 25. She was actually 17 or 18.

Thomas McCulla, HISTORY OF CHEROKEE COUNTY, Chicago, The S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., (1914), 977.717 H2m; see pgs 276-277 for reference to Mr . & Mrs.C. Pigott Sr.; see page 404 for reference to Dennis Henry Pigott.

INVENTORY OF THE COUNTY ARCHIVES OF IOWA, Historical Records Survey, W.P.A., May 1939. Contains history of Cherokee, Iowa and Bibliography.


DECLARATION OF INTENTION to become a United States Citizen filed in the Circuit Court of the Upper Peninsula for the County of Marquette, State of Michigan, dated June 12, 1869; Book 2 of Records, page 692 (near end), FHL 1845795.
ORDER OF ADMISSION TO CITIZENSHIP, signed in the District Court for theCounty of Cherokee, State of Iowa, dated October 5, 1891, NaturalizationRecord, Book 2, Cherokee County, page 59, FHL 1428556, item 5.

Probate Index No. 1 for Cherokee Co., IA Pg 216, #1500 (FHL 1415960) lists Probate Records for Cornelius Pigott: Will Dated 5 Oct 1915 (FHL #1428542 pg 486, will record Cherokee Co, IA); Petition For Probate of Will filed 29 Oct 1915 (FHL #1428547, Book 22, pg 65); Order Admitting Will to Probate filed 31 Jan 1917 (FHL # 1428548, Book 20, pg 76) miscellaneous orders relating to sale of property, distribution and fees (FHL # 142855 1 & 2) (Photocopies of records in possession of James J. Sparks, San Carlos, CA)

Deed Register, Cherokee County, IA, Book D, Pg 353, Apr 30, 1873 , Cornelius Pigott, S 1/2 of NE 1/4 & SE 1/4 of NW 1/4, Sec 25, T 92 , R 41 (120 acres) FHL #1415904 (Index of Deeds No. 2, Pg 210, FHL 14 15901)
Deed Register, Cherokee County, IA, Book P, Pg 513, Jun 7, 1888, Cornelius Pigott, W 1/2 of NE 1/4 and E 1/2 of NW Quar, Sec 23, T 92 , R 41 (Index of Deeds, Bk 5, pg 212, FHL #1415902)

Death Register, Cherokee County, IA, Bk 2, page 155, Cornelius Pigott, 24 Oct., 1915; Item 62; Cause of death: arteriosclerosis; 76y 10m 20d. (FHL #1428671 Item 3)

BIRTH: St. Martin's Roman Catholic Church, Diocese of Cloyne, Parish of Kilworth, County Cork, Ireland; Baptismal Certificate. (Certified copy in possession of James J. Sparks, San Carlos, California.)

MARRIAGE: 28th day of March, 187O, Saint Joseph Church, 221 West Market Street, Newark, Essex County, New Jersey, Reverend James F. Dalton, officiating. Witnesses were John Walsh and Birdgth (Bridget?) Eagan. Copy of certificate in possession of James J. Sparks, San Carlos, CA. Name of father: James Eagan; Name of mother: Margaret Walsh; Name of sister: Bridget. (She would be 15 years of age) FHL 1378022 Item 6, pg 257.

Marriage record states: "Mar 28 (1870) Pigott Cornelius, 28, farmer, of William and Mary Bryan to Eagan Annie 18, of James and Margaret Walsh. Witnesses: John Walsh and Bridget Eagan. By James F. Dalton."


The following obitury appeared in the Cherokee Democrat on Oct 25, 1915 re the death of Cornelius Pigott (1838-1915) on October 24, 1915: "Another Pioneer Crosses the Border - - Cornelius Piggott (sic) Aged Citizen, Died Yesterday Morning.
At 5:30 Sunday morning Cornelius Piggott passed away at the home of Will Dunn, west of Cherokee. He had been in failing health for some time and his demise was not unexpected. The deceased was one of the older residents of Cherokee County, having been engaged in farming for many years. He is survived by several children. Funeral arrangements have not yet been made as it is not yet known at what time some of the relative can reach here."

Cornelius Pigott is buried in the family plot of Mt. Calvary Cemetery, on North 11th St., Cherokee, Iowa. The plot is located about 50 feet south of the gate at the 11th street entrance approximately 10 feet east of the road. To mark the Pigott burial area, there is a tall stone oblisk topped by a cross. The sides of the oblisk bear inscriptions on three sides which mention Annie (Eagan) Pigott, Ella C. (Ragan) Pigott, Edward Pigott (d.1881) and Joseph Pigott (d.1882). As of 1993 there was no mention of Cornelius Sr. or Cornelius Jr. but the records of the Immaculate Conception Church show the burials to be as shown below. Two stones bear the word "Mother" and nothing else and other stones are unmarked.
|MOTHER | |Infant| | | MOTHER|
| Ella | | Female|____ | Con. |Annie |
11th St. | C. |___|______| | Pigott | Eagan |
<----Gate |Ragan |Dennis| Cor. Sr. | MONUMENT | |Pigott| <--- -North
|Pigott |Pigott | Pigott | | | |
| | | Jr . |_________|_________| |
| | | | |Joseph|Edward| |

See HISTORY OF CHEROKEE COUNTY (1914 op.cit.) for article stating that Mr. & Mrs. Cornelius Piggot (sic) each contributed a large stained glass window to St. Mary's Church, now the Church of the Immaculate Conception, 721 West Cedar, Cherokee, Iowa. As seen in 1993 the windows were in front on the left or east side, nearest the pulpit. They catch the morning light and they bear the inscription "Gift of C. Pigott, Sr." and "Gift of Mrs. C. Pigott Sr."

The first Pigott that we believe emigrated from Ireland to the United States was Cornelius Pigott's older brother, John Pigott (b. 1831 ), who stated on his citizenship declaration that he had emigrated i n 1860 from the port of Queenstown (Cobh), the port near Cork City in County Cork, Ireland. It is likely that Cornelius Pigott followed his brother using the same route.

In completing his citizenship application on May 22, 1869, John Pigott, in addition to swearing that he had come from Ireland in 1860, swore that he had lived in the United States, specifically Marquette County, Michigan , for at least five years immediately before 1869. Thus we know that John was already in Michigan when Cornelius arrived there sometime before 1869.

On June 12, 1869, Cornelius Pigott, some 20 days after his brother received his United States citizenship, had signed his Declaration of Intent to become a citizen. He had been in America for 3 years prior to this time, arriving in 1866. The bride-to-be of Cornelius, Annie Eagan, lived in New Jersey, so he must have spent some time in that area. He probably landed in the New York area and met Annie before going to Marquette County, Michigan, to be with his brother or brothers.

On March 28, 1870, about ten months after signing his citizenship papers in Marquette County, Michigan, Cornelius and Annie Eagan were married in Saint Joseph's Catholic Church, Newark, New Jersey by the Reverend James F. Dalton. She was the daughter of James and Margaret (Walsh) Eagan. Her age was given as 18. Witnesses were John Walsh and Bridget Eagan. Bridget was Annie's 15 year old sister and John was probably her uncle. The couple apparently proceeded immediately to Nauganee, Marquette County, Michigan, for it was on July 20, 1870 that their first child, William, undoubtedly named after the father of Cornelius, was born. The occupation of Cornelius is shown on the birth record as a mine supervisor.

Cornelius and Annie (Eagan) Sparks had six children in Nauganee. After William came John James Pigott, born October 17, 1871; Annie Pigott , born in 1872; Cornelius Pigott, Jr., born January 13, 1875; Dennis Henry Pigott born May 2, 1876 and Joseph Edward born April 23, 1878. All of the boys were named after Cornelius or his brothers and the girl was named after her mother.

After the birth of his third child, Cornelius Pigott travelled to Cherokee County, Iowa where, in April, 1873, he homesteaded 120 acres in Sheridan Township just west of the town of Cherokee, Iowa. The plot was purchased from the Iowa Falls and Sioux City Railroad Company in consideration of the sum of Eight Hundred Sixty-four Dollars. It was the South half of the Northeast quarter and the Southeast quarter of the Northwest quarter of Section 25, Township 92, Range 41. Reference can be found to the deed in the General Index to Deeds, No. 2, Cherokee County Records, p 210. It was dated April 15, 1873, and was recorded April 30, 1873.

"The early settlement of Cherokee County was considerably retarded by reason of intermittent Indian scares which were centered principally in Dickinson County, located in the second tier of counties to the north abou thirty miles from the north boundary line of Cherokee County. Though, through treaties made with the Sioux Indians in 1851, their interest in the area was purchased for $3,000,000, some of the Indians were reluctant to leave the region around Spirit Lake, in Dickinson County, which had been their favorite hunting and camping ground, and some of them continued to live in the neighborhood.

"In 1857, a band of braves came through Cherokee County taking from the settlers guns and food. No serious damage was done until they reached Spirit Lake where they killed 41 settlers and captured 4 women. The news of this massacre and of continued threats of hostilities did not encourage settlement of Cherokee County. By 1859 only 85 persons had settled there. This number dwindled to 58 the next year and to 20 in 1862 according to the state census. After the New Ulm, Minnesota, massacre, in the summer of 1862, it is recorded that there were only 6 people left in the entire county.

"However, the trouble with the Indians was eventually adjusted, in one way or another and settlers began to flock into Cherokee County. The population increased from sixty-four in 1865 to 1,916 in 1870. In the next five years it increased to 4,245 and to more than 8,245 by 1880." INVENTORY OF THE COUNTY ARCHIVES OF IOWA, No. 18, CHEROKEE COUNTY, Genealogical Society of Utah, No. 22427.

Cornelius Pigott would qualify as a pioneer settler of Cherokee County. It is more striking to note that his original homestead of 120 acres, plus an additional forty acres, has remained in the Pigott family for over 125 years and is owned by a grandson of Cornelius, William J. Pigott, son of Joseph Edward Pigott, and was being actively farmed by William and his sons and grandsons in 1999.

Perhaps Cornelius was in the process of building housing for his family and preparing the soil for planting or perhaps he was concerned about the safety of his family. Whatever the reason, the family did not move to Cherokee County, Iowa, to live on the homestead until sometime between 1878 (the birth of Edward in Michigan) and1880 (the birth of Catherine in Cherokee). We can only speculate that Cornelius Pigott traveled back and forth between Michigan and Iowa during that period of time.

According to the account of Robert Pigott (op.ciit) "The early settlers faced a myriad of difficulties including building a home without adequate materials whcih had to be transported over roads which were only paths through grasslands. Travel by horseback isolated the farm family from access to any medical care, immediate assistance from neighbors or frequent contact with church and school. The problem of obtaining fuel resulted in many farmers using corn as fuel even though it took three tons of corn to equal the heating value of one ton of coal. The cost of wood was another important factor. For example, a cord of hardwood, sawed up and split cost $8.50 while a ton of corn cost $5.50."

"The first home was only one room in an area estimated to be 16 by 20 feet, and by 1880 there were eight members of this family. The two-story house provided protection from the elements, but little privacy. The dwelling was apparently well constructed as it lasted for several decades and was used as a summer "cooking kitchen" by later generations. Cooking outside the residential home reduced the amount of heat produced during the summer months. The foundation can still be viewed on the homestead farm, and some of the house beams were used in the construction of a nearby brn and corncrib which (buildings) are still in use."

"Cornellius and his family were regarded as devout Catholics, and the first opportunity to worship was in Visitation Catholic Church in Maryhill constructed in 1871 on section 5 of Rock Township. The family attended mass every Sunday regardless of the weather. The children were packed into the bobsled if roads were bad or by horse team and buggy in more pleasant weather. Most of Sheridan Township, where the Pigotts lived, and Rock Township, were Catholic. There were fifty families belonging to this congregation presided over by Fr. Saunderson of Cherokee, Iowa. Later the Pigotts attended Mass and participated in the Immaculate Conception church of Cherokee."

The family continued to grow with the addition of Catherine Pigott, born 1880, Edward Pigott, born January 8, 1883; Maggie Pigott, born April 14, 1884; and Mary Josephine Pigott, born May 16, 1886. Joseph Edward died at the age of 3 on May 1, 1881, and Joseph died at age 1 on May 2, 1881. The remaining 9 children survived into adulthood.

We do not have many details concerning the lives of Cornelius and Annie (Eagan) Pigott. We do know that on May 28, 1887, Cornelius purchased a farm 160 acres in size located in Section 23, which section was immediately northwest of Section 25 where the family homestead was located. Cornelius paid Twenty-two hundred dollars to the widow Margaret Clarey and her children for this farm. The deed was recorded in Book P of the Cherokee County Deed Register at page 513 on June 7, 1888.

Just prior to recordation, on March 16, 1888, Annie died. This was less than 2 years after the birth of their last child, Mary Josephine Pigott, in May, 1886. Annie was buried in the family plot at Mt. Calvary Cemetary, Cherokee, Iowa. Without a census for 1890 we do not know how many children remained at home with Cornelius but his oldest sons, William and John were 17 and 16 at the time of their mother's death.

In 1894, Cornelius was married to Ella (Ellen) C. Ragan. The 1895 Iowa Census for Cherokee County, showed Cornelius at age 54, Ella 40, Cornelius Jr., 20, Dennis 18, Kate 15, Edward 14, Maggie 10, and Mary 8 . Ella was shown as having been born in Jackson County, Iowa with her parents of foreign birth and with her as a catholic. A subsequent census indicated that they were married in 1894 but a record of the marriage has not been found. A son, Leo Francis Pigott was born to the couple on June 26, 1896. In the U. S. Census for 1900, remaining at home with Cornelius and Ella were Cornelius Jr., 25, Edward, 17, Maggie, 16, Mary 14, and Leo, 4. The census shows Ella's parent's place of birth as Ireland and shows her place of birth as Iowa. It incorrectly shows Leo's mother's place of birth as Ireland. It states that Cornelius and Ella (Regan) Pigott had been married for six years and that Cornelius immigrated in 1866.

An interesting deed dated July 17, 1897 has been found. The deed is for a forty-acre parcel having a common boundary line with the 320 acre parcel in section 23 purchased by Cornelius Pigott on May 28, 1877. However, this deed is from the Administrator of the Estate of J. B. Ingels to Ella C. Pigott and Leo Francis Pigott, the latter being 11 months old. The purchase price was Ten Hundred and Sixty Dollars. It is not known if this acreage was paid for by Cornelius or by Ella C. (Ragan) Pigott or was inherited by Ella from the estate of her possible former spouse, J. B. Ingels.

A sad episode involving Dennis Pigott occurred in November, 1909 . It is apparent that Dennis was suffering from a mental illness in view of the events which occurred at that time. He was involved in the death of a seventy-five year old man from suspicious causes. Dennis, 33 , was found responsible for the mans death and was ordered into the state mental hospital at Cherokee where he spent the remainder of his life. He died on April 2, 1927 in the hospital. See HISTORY OF CHEROKEE COUNTY IOWA by Thomas McCulla, 1914; p. 404.

Cornelius and Ella (Ragan) Pigott are mentioned in the History of Cherokee County for having donated two large stained glass windows to the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church in Cherokee, which windows bear their names and were in place in 1993. HISTORY OF CHEROKEE COUNTY IOWA, op.cit., p p 276-7. On October 5, 1891, an order was entered in the United States District Court, Cherokee County, Iowa, granting U. S. Citizenship to Cornelius Pigott . He had lived in the U.S. for twenty-five years.

On July 18, 1910, Ella (Ragan) Pigott died and was buried in the Pigott Family Plot in the Mt. Calvary Cemetary in Cherokee. On October 27 , 1915 she was joined in death by Cornelius Pigott who was also buried in the family plot. The members of the family which were ultimately buried in the Pigott Family Plot were Cornelius Pigott, Annie (Eagan) Pigott, Ella C. (Ragan) Pigott, Cornelius Pigott, Jr., Joseph Pigott, Edward Pigott and an unidentified female infant. This may have been Rosella Pigott, daughter of John J. Pigott and twin sister of surviving Cecelia E. Pigott.

According to the records which survive, the probate of the Last Will and Testament of Cornelius Pigott took several years. A copy of his will dated October 5, 1915, can be found in Will Record 4, Cherokee County, p. 486. The will makes the following bequests: 1. To William Pigott, two thousand dollars; 2. To John Pigott, three thousand dollars; 3. To Annie (Pigott) Everhart, three thousand dollars; 4. To Maggie (Pigott) Myers, three thousand dollars; 5. To Kathryn (Pigott) O'Connell, two thousand dollars; 6. To Joseph Edward Pigott, six thousand dollars; 7. To Cornelius Pigott (Jr.), one thousand dollars; 8. To Mary Josephine (Pigott) Dunn, eight thousand dollars. 9. "Having heretofore made suitable provisions for my beloved son Leo Francis Pigott out of my estate, it is therefore my will that he shall share no further in my said estate." It is assumed that Cornelius Pigott is referring to the 40 acre parcel purchased in the name of Ella Pigott and Leo Francis Pigott in 1897. 10. To William, John, Maggie, Annie, Kathryn, Joseph Edward, Cornelius and Mary Josephine, a remainder interest in the northeastern 1/4 of the quarter section he had purchased in 1887, subject to a life-estate for the benefit of Dennis Pigott.

Dennis was to receive the benefits from that 40 acre parcel for the remainder of his life. Cornelius named William Dunn, husband of his daughter Mary Josephine (Pigott) Dunn, as trustee for Dennis Pigott . William was authorized to "lease out" the property and to lease it to himself at an annual rental of four dollars per acre, not to exceed ten years. Thereafter, if Dennis was still alive, the current going rate was to be used. Total compensation to William Dunn was the reduced rent offered to him. The residue of the estate was to be divided equally between the eight children named above (excluding Dennis Pigott and Leo Francis Pigott).

Cornelius named his friend, Con Sullivan of Cherokee, Iowa, as executor of the will. The will was witnessed by John Scott and B. O. Cobb. The Petition for Probate of Will was filed October 29, 1915 but the will was not admitted to probate until an order was filed January 31, 1917, some fifteen months later. In the meantime, on October 16, 1915, Con Sullivan was appointed Special Administrator at the request of Mary Josephine Dunn who stated that there was a family dispute. On October 11, 1917, the Executor filed a "List of Heirs and Real Estate" providing the names and residences of the ten children of Cornelius Pigott. All of the children were in Cherokee, Iowa excepting John who was in Alexandria, South Dakota, Maggie Meyers who was in Seattle, Washington, and Leo Francis Pigott who was in Wilmer, Minnesota. The real property consisted of 160 acres being the original homestead plus 40 additional acres purchased subsequently, an additional 40 acres of the 160 in section 25 and a residential lot in "New Cherokee, Iowa."

In the October, 1917 term of the District Court of Cherokee, Iowa , the Executor filed a petition for an order to sell real estate described as the 160 acres above referred to together with the residential lot. The petition alleges that there is insufficient cash to pay the specific bequests totaling $28,000 and that it is necessary to sell the referenced property in order to pay the bequests. No permission is requested to sell the 40 acre parcel in Section 25, left in trust for the benefit of Dennis Pigott for his life. A copy of the notice of filing the petition was served on George Donohoe, Superintendent of the Cherokee State Hospital on behalf of a patient , Dennis Pigott. Mr. Donohoe stated that he accepted service of the notice for the reason "that personal service of the said notice upon the said Dennis Pigott would, in my opinion, injuriously affect such patient, and that personal service shall not be made upon him." On May 6, 1918, an Order For Sale of Real Estate was filed with the clerk of the court. The appraisers appointed to appraise the property filed their appraisal on June 10, 1918 and found the 160 acre parcel to be worth $32,000 and the city lot to be worth $2,500.

In July, 1918, the Executor filed his Report of Sale of Real Estate stating that he had sold the 160 acre parcel to Joseph E. Pigott for the sum of $37,920 of which $3,000 was paid in cash and the balance of $34,920 was due on March 1, 1919. The Executor further advised the court that he had sold the city lot to John McTasney for $2,800 of which $500 was paid down and the balance of $2,300 was due on receipt of a deed and an abstract of title.

On September 24, 1918, just three weeks prior to the end of World War I, an Order Approving Sale of Real Estate was filed with the clerk of the court. On March 25, 1919, the court made an order awarding $1,000 statutory and extraordinary fees to Cornelius Sullivan and $3,000 to his attorneys . It is assumed that the Joseph E. Pigott had made payment of the balance of his purchase price which was due on March 1, 1919 and that the estate was ready for distribution. Since the real property sold for $40,720 and the fees totaled $4,000, there was $36,720 remaining, less costs, for the payment of bequests. It is assumed that there was some cash and some other assets so that the executor was able to pay the specific bequests in full.

Since Dennis Pigott did not die until 1927, the heirs were forced to wait until that time for the balance of their inheritance. The Dunn family and several descendants of Joseph E. Pigott remained in Cherokee County in 1993. Descendants of Cornelius Pigott, Jr., settled in the Sioux City, Iowa area. Descendants of John Pigott live in California and in South Dakota and descentants of Maggie Meyers live in the State of Washington. We have no information on descendants of the other children of Cornelius Pigott at this time.

The address of the Catholic Church in Meriden is Marryhill Catholic Church, R.R. 3, Cherokee, IA.
The Cherokee County Genealogical Society is located care of Prairie Manor, Cleghorn, IA 51014. Attn: Pat Behrens (712) 443-8343.
The telephone number of the Cherokee Historical Society is (712) 436 2624.
Information on the age of Cornelius varies somewhat. His death certificate dated 24 October, 1915 gives his age as 76 years, 10 months, 20 days which indicates a birth date of 4 December 1838. According to his baptismal certificate he was baptised on July 7, 1839. This indicate s that his parents waited 7 months after his birth to have him baptised. The 1851 census shows him as 14 years of age which is accurate if the census was taken after Dec 1851. His marriage record indicates his birth in 1838 . In the 1900 US Census he is shown as having been born in December 1838.

An interesting fact was discovered while browsing the Social Security records. A Cornelius Pigott was born April 15, 1898, possibly in New York, and died in October, 1983, in New Jersey. His last address was in zip code area 07834 which is for Denville, Morris County, New Jersey. This is immediately west of Essex County, where our Cornelius was married years earlier. Under the theory that one of Cornelius brothers had been an early settler in New Jersey and had introduced Cornelius to Annie Eagan, this Cornelius could be a grandson of that brother and named after an uncle, or our Cornelius himself. It might be interesting to check this fellow out. His SS# is 106-38-3646.

The following quote is taken from the book by Robert S. Pigott (my second cousin) entitled THE PIGOTTS OF KIILWORTH COUNTY CORK IRELAND, pg. 9:

"Life in New York City - - Cornelius Pigott: Even though Cornelius had contact with other Irish friends and relatives it was probably overwhelming to deal with city life. Growing up in rural Ireland would require a lot of adjustment. He lived in the area that is today referred to as the Bronx, New York and worked for a streetcar company. Cornelius drove a team of horses to make deliveries along Broome and Bowery Streets in the area of what is today Manhattan... Broome Street is located on the lower tip of Manhattan. He is thought to have gained experience as a landscaper and gardener prior to coming to the United states. Cornelius showed his skills, which will make him a successful farmer, by working for several years as a gardener and horticulturist for the famous and wealthy newspaper mogul James Gordon Bennett of the New York Herald. Live in the tenements of New York were crowded, lacking running water and toilets, with garbage scattered about encouraging disease and crime.

"Cornelius stayed close to his Irish roots as he courted and married a young Irish woman across the Hudson River in New Jersey. The census of 1860 for Essex County New Jersey and the City of Newark, second wrd shows Ann Eagan living with her family. Her father was James Eagan age 50 and a laborer born in Ireland. James had real estate valued at $1,000 and personal possessions of $200. Ann's mother was Margaret age 38 and born in Ireland, and she (Ann) had brothers John age 12, Henry age 3 and a sister Bridget age 5. A certificate of marriage at St. Joseph Church 221 West Market St. Newark, New Jersey shows Cornelius Pigott and Annie Eagan lawfully married on 3-28-1870. Rev. James F. Dalton officiated in the presence of John Walsh and Bridget Eagan (Ann's Sister) as witnesses."