Note    H3259         Index
(1765 - 1792)

Walter Hanson Stone son of Samuel and Anne (Hanson) Stone, was born about 1765 in Durham Parish, Charles County, Maryland. He eloped with Rachel Anne Muncaster, daughter to James, and was married March 27, 1780, at Frederick, Maryland.

Children of Walter and Anne (Muncaster) Stone
1. Anne Story Stone married John Taylor. q.v.
2. Sarah Story Stone, born 1700, d.s.p. 1830, married 1812 Dr. William Winter Dunnington.

Walter Hanson Stone died intestate at "Poynton Manor" in his 27th year. The inventory of his personal effects was taken on February 23, 1792, with his widow Anne Stone as administratrix, and was appraised at 699/5/9. The first and final accounts were rendered shortly afterwards, when the proceeds were distributed to the widow and two children. James Muncaster and Zephaniah Franklin were the bondsmen for the widow.
By 1795 Anne, his relict, was deceased, and the orphans were under the guardianship of James Morris who in September 1803, made a final settlement to the two heirs.


Note    H3260         Index
[Note of James Joseph Sparks: During my research, as is stated below, I have found two William Stones near the same age living in Spencer County (formerly Shelby County) in the early 1800s. To record all of the information, I have included the other William herein as William D Stone. William D. Stone (d. 1836) is included under Reference No. 2288. The lengthy genealogy of William Stone, Governor of Maryland can be found in Family Tree Disk 2 File 5462 and in the CD entitled "The Stones of Poynton Manor" by Harry Wright Newman but does not appear to connect to our Stones.)

See KENTUCKY: A HISTORY OF THE STATE, by Perrin, Battle & Kniffin, 6th Ed., 1887, Spencer County. "William Stone and Rebecca Erskine (sic.), parents of B. W. Stone, were born in Virginia, and immigrated to Kentucky in an early day in her history. W. Stone died at the age of eighty; his wife died at the age of ninety years." Probably this is our William and Rebecca although we have not been able to confirm that her maiden name was Erskine nor have we found any other record of this family in Virginia.

In an article entitled "THE STONE FAMILY" concerning Thomas Stone in the same book, we find:

"Thomas Stone was born in Spencer County, August 13, 1806, and died September 10, 1873. He was through life a merchant trader and farmer, and amassed a handsome fortune, owning about 800 acres of land, servants and money. He was a gentleman in the truest sense, public spirited, honorable, generous and courteous. He was one of the nine children of William Stone and Rebecca Erskine (sic), who immigrated from Loudoun County, Virginia, to Nelson County, Kentucky, the latter part of 1700. The Stones came from England the latter part of 1600, settling in northern Virginia and southern Maryland. They were noted for strong practical sense, energy, pride of character, and love of justice. They espoused the cause of the colonies, one of them, (js: another) Thomas Stone, being one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.
They were Episcopalians in religion. The Erskines were also from England, and settled first in Maryland. They were people of wealth , and were devout Catholics."

A check of MARRIAGES OF LOUDOUN COUNTY VIRGINIA, 1757-1853 does not mention this family. In addition, Harry Wright Newman (and other sources) assert that the Thomas Stone who signed the Declaration of Independence was born in 1743 and died in 1787 and was a descendant of William Stone and Verlinda Cotton, first governor of Maryland.

William Stone presents us with an interesting challenge. We find him in Shelby County, KY, certainly in the early ninteenth century , and, possibly in the late eighteenth. Unfortunately, there were two William Stones living in the area at the same time. This great-great-great-grandfather of James Joseph Sparks was born in Virginia in about 1769 and died in Spencer County, Kentucky (carved from Shelby County in 1824) in 1855. We know that his wife's name was Rebecca and that he was the father of Robert A. Stone (b 1804-d after 1860) and Robert's brother George R. Stone (b. abt 1800 - - d. after 1860).

We also know that the other William Stone came to the same area at about the same time from Virginia and was married to Elizabeth --- . He died in Spencer County, Kentucky, testate, in 1836. His will states that he had ten children who each received one tenth of his estate after Elizabeth claimed her dower interest. We have a description of the 165 acre parcel from which Elizabeth's 55 acre, 1/3 dower interest, was subdivided. This tract is referred to as adjacent to lands of George Stone, Thomas Thompson, and Thomas Goodwin. We are able to construct a plat map of both the entire 165 acre plot and the 55 acre portion which was set aside to Elizabeth.

From the tax rolls of Shelby and Spencer County, we know that a William Stone owned a 165 acre plot of land in 1800 on Brashears Creek, originally registered to Marshall. We have a copy of this deed from Paul Froman dated November 18, 1797 and, using its metes and bounds, we were able to construct a plat map of this plot as well. It is clear that these are different parcels of land. However, a careful comparison of the plat maps of the 165 acre tract deeded in 1797 and the parcel from which Elizabeth's dower interest which was subdivided shows common compass headings for two contiguous lines. That is, the end lines of both parcels and the southernmost side lines have the same compass headings allowing them to be fit together to constitute one long parcel 330 acres in size.

Thus we conclude that William Stone (d.1836) first purchased from Paul Froman a 165 acre tract of land in Shelby County in 1797 and later a 165 acre parcel from George Crist in 1804 adjacent to the first, which latter parcel he owned at the time of his death which was partitioned to his wife and heirs on September 16, 1836. Unfortunately we do not have a copy of the deed from George Crist to William Stone Sr. We also find a deed in 1810 from Valentine Meriwether to William Stone for 73 acres on Brashears Cr. and another deed in 1811 from A. Houne to William Stone for 128 acres in Brashears Creek . If we ignore the 1810 purchase for a moment and add the 128 acre parcel to land already owned by William Stone (d.1836) his total is increased to 458 acres, very close to the tax roll entry for 1812 of 457 (see below). I believe it was William (d.1855) to whom the remaining 73 acres was conveyed. In 1813, William (d.1836) holds 457 acres, William (d.1855) holds 165 acres. Apparently the additional 92 acres owned by the latter was acquired from John Buskirk in 1812 and, though this was listed in the tax rolls in 1812, it was apparently not entered into the deed books until 1824.

To address this last conjecture, and many others, we know that many deeds were executed and registered on the tax rolls without being recorded in the deed book until later, if ever. A comparison between the tax rolls and the deed books is in order. The 1812 deed books show a total of 531 acres of land had been deeded to persons named William Stone in Shelby County, Kentucky. I believe that it was actually 622 but the deed from Buskirk to William (d.1855) of 92 acres had not been entered. It is probable that William (d.1836) had 165 + 165 + 128 = 458 acres and William (d.1855) had 73 + 92 = 165 acres. To substantiate this conclusion, the 1812 tax rolls assess 622 acres to William Stones. In 1813, the deed book shows no deeds to or from anyone named William Stone but the tax rolls assess a total of 215 acres. We note that there are three William Stones shown, one with 165 Acres on Brashear's Creek (presumably William (d.1655)) , one with no real property, and one with 457 acres on Brashears Creek, (probably William (d.1836)). By 1814, still with no deeds on the record, the tax rolls assess 469 acres to persons named William Stone. There is obvious inconsistancy.

In 1812, William Stone (presumably the one who d.1836?) sold seventy-six acres to Charles Doyle at Brashear's Creek, reducing his 457 acres to 381 acres which is not reflected on the tax rolls. The four entries on the 1814 tax roll are 92 and 82 (total 165) and 140 and 165 (total 305). It is also seen that the tax rolls of 1825 show one William (d.1836?) with 306 acres at Brashears Creek and one William (d.1855?) with 165 acres. However, the ownership of these parcels is pure speculation.

In addition,the tax rolls after 1814 do not support any particular thesis with regard to the two Williams. More careful study of these rolls and of the deeds and maps incidental with the properties described therein will be required. It is not known whether the entire acreage owned by a taxpayer was included in a single entry for any given year or whether several entries were made for a single individual, or perhaps only when he owned land in different districts. With the knowledge that one William died in 1836, it was hoped that his ownership would then terminate and certain conclusions could be drawn concerning William (d.1855). We know that Elizabeth received a court distribution of her dower interest in 1836 and the judgment which contains a drawing of the entire parcel owned by William at the time of his death, as well and that portion set aside to her, is on file. In 1835, the year before William's death, the tax rolls list three Williams: William 300 acres at Salt River, William 300 acres at Brashears Creek, and William 165 acres at Brashear s Creek. We believe that when William died in 1836, he only owned 165 acres since his wife only received a dower interest of 1/3 or 55 acres.

If that is correct, it is likely that it was William (d.1855) who owned 300 acres at Brashears Creek, again speculation. By 1840, William (d.1836) was gone and two Williams are still included, one with 200 acres at Salt River and one with 350 acres at Brashears Creek . There is no information in the file which indicates either who the William at Salt River is or how the other William acquired his additional acreage.

In attributing the following property to William Stone (d.1855) certain assumptions explained above are made.

Shelby County, Kentucky (in a area which became Spencer County after 1824) Tax Rolls, Before 1815, FHL 8227, 1815-1829, FHL 8228, 1829-1847 FHL 8229.

Assuming that the William Stone (d.1836) first appeared in 1797 and the second William who was assessed on the tax rolls was William (d .1855) we show that William (d.1855) first appeared in Shelby County in 1812, then 1813, 1814, 1815, etc.; then Spencer County in 1824, 1825, 1830, 1835, 1840, 1845 and 1850 (actual appearances in intervening years between 1825 and 1850). He always appeared in the Brashears Creek District and our best estimates is that his holdings seem to increase from 165 acres in 1812 to 300 acres in 1835, 350 acres in 1840, 370
acres in 1845, and 400 in 1850.

On November 18, 1797 William Stone (died 1836) purchased from Paul Froman a One Hundred Sixty-five acre parcel recorded in Shelby County, Ky. Book C at page 99 (FHL 259227) as follows:

"THIS INDENTURE made this Eighteenth day of November One Thousand Seven hundred and ninety Seven between Paul Froman Sen. of the first part and William Stone of the other part Witnesseth that the said Paul Froman Sen for and in Consideration of the sum of Forty Pounds Current Money of Kentucky to him in hand paid the Receipt whereof he doth hereby acknowledge has bargained and Sold and by these presents does bargain and Sell unto the said William Stone a certain Tract of land Containing One hundred Sixty five Acres lying in Shelby County State of Kentucky on the Waters of Brashears Creek being a part of an Entry made by Humphrey Marshall and Surveyed and Patented in the name of Isaac Cox bounded as follows Viz Beginning at a White hickory and beech running thence north fifty-two degrees west one hundred thirty-four poles to a sugar (pine?) thence South thirty eight degrees West to the original Corner One hundred and eighty-Six poles, thence south fifty-two east sixty-four poles on the Old line to a beech on the river, thence North fifty-five degrees East forty poles to a Stake thence north Seventy-two degrees East One Hundred thirty-eight poles to a Stake thence South fifty-Seven degrees (east?) fifty-four poles to a hickory thence North thirty degrees East Twenty-four poles to a Beech, thence North Twenty degrees West seventy poles to an Elm and --- Ash South thirty degrees West thirty-two poles to the Beginning. To Have and to Hold the aforesaid Tract of Land with all its appurtenances to the aforesaid William Stone and his Heirs forever, to the only proper use and behalf of him the aforesaid William Stone and the said Paul Froman Sen. doth Covenant --- to and with the aforesaid William Stone, that he the said Paul Froman Sen. Shall and well warrant and forever defend the aforesaid Tract of Lands and all its appurtenances to the afore-said William Stone and his Heirs against himself and his heirs and all persons claiming under him and every other person or Persons Whatsoever. In Witness whereof he hath hereunto Set his Hand and Seal the day and Year before Mentioned.
In the Presence of us
Thomas Goodwine ) PAUL FROMAN (seal)
John Scott )
Bazzella Silkwood)"

On February 19, 1810, James Stone, Thomas S. Stone, and William (d .1855) all purchased acreage on Brashears Creek from Valentine and Priscilla Merriwether. They all witnessed each others deeds and the deeds were all recorded in sequence. William obtained 73 1/4 acres as follows:

Deed dated February 19, 1810, Shelby County, Kentucky, Deed Book K , p 126, Vallentine Merriwether to William Stone, FHL 259.226, Shelby County Grantee Index:

"This Indenture made on this sixteenth day of November 1810 Between Vallentine Merriwether of the County of Shelby and State of Kentucky of the one part, and Wm. Stone of the County of Shelby and State aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that for and in consideration of the sum of One hundred and ten dollars, in hand paid to the sd Merriwether by sd Stone, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, have granted, bargained, and sold to the sd Wm Stone a certain tract or parcel of land lying in the County of Shelby and on the waters of Brashears Creek, Begining at Stillhouse branch running on the old line, north fifty-three & half west fifty-two poles to an ash stump thence with an old line of Humphrey Marshall's survey, north thirty-eight east forty-two poles to three beeches on the side of a hill, thence south eighty west one hundred and fifty-two poles to a beech marked TH on the hill side of Brashears Creek, thence south ten, east eighty-one poles to Anthony Crafton's Corner on the Stillhouse branch thence up said branch with said Crafton and Anthony Crafton's --- lines north eighty-four east one hundred and fifty three poles, thence north forty-four east thirty poles to the begining, in the Old Line Containing seventy-three and a quarter acres at least. To have and To hold aforesaid tract or parcel of same with all its appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining to the proper use and enjoyment and behoof of him the sd Stone and his heirs and assigns forever and I the said Valentine Merriwether do forever warrant and defend the aforesaid tract or parcel of land unto the sd Wm Stone, his heirs or assigns against the claim of me, my heirs, or all persons, claiming by, from, or under me, and all and every person or persons whatever. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above.
Done In the presence of Interlined before signed--
Test Spencer Minor )
James Stone )
Thos. S. Stone ) VAL MERRIWETHER (seal)
Owen Doyall )

Shelby County -- November 19th, 1810

THIS INDENTURE was this day produced to me in my Office and acknowledged by the said Valentine Merriwether to be his act and deed--Whereupon the same was admitted to Record. Attest: James Craig, C.C."

1810 US CENSUS for Shelby County, Kentucky: Males, under 10, 3; 10-16, 1; 16-26, 1; 26-45, 1; over 45, 0; Females, under 10, 1; 10-16 , 1; 16-26, 0; 26-45, 1; over 45, 0.

1820 US CENSUS for Shelby County, Kentucky, pg 119A enumerates William Stone with these males: under 10, 1; 10 to 16, 2; 16 to 18, 1 ; 16 to 26, 3; over 45, 1. We find these females: under 10, 2; 16 to 26, 1; over 45, 1.

1830 US CENSUS for Spencer County, Kentucky pg 347 enumerates William Stone with these males: 10 to 15, 1; 20 t o 30, 4; 60 to 70, 1. Females: 15-20, 2; 20-30, 1; 50 to 60, 1.

1840 US CENSUS for Spencer County, Kentucky, pg 228 enumerates William Stone with these males: 5-10, 1; 10-15, 1; 70-80, 1. Females: 60-70, 1.

1850 US CENSUS for the Taylorsville District, Spencer County, Kentucky dated 7 August, 1850, District No. 1 (FHL 44298 7) William Stone, 81, Farmer, born Virginia; Rebecca Stone, 76, born Virginia.

The Will Index for Spencer County, KY., (FHL 482493) shows that William Stone died before 1 Oct., 1855. His son Robert A. Stone was appointed Administrator on that date. The Inventory of the Estate was recorded in Book D, p 397 on 3 Nov, 1855 (copy in possession of James J. Sparks, San Carlos, CA) which begins:

"Spencer County, October County Court, 1855. ORDERED that James M. Allen, Daniel Stone and Eli Goodwin or any two of them being first sworn do truly and justly appraise the slaves if any and personal Estate of William Stone, dec., and return the appraisement under their hands to the clerk of this court. A Copy List H. B. Cox--Spencer County. Daniel Stone who has been appointed by the Spencer County Court to view and appraise the personal Estate and slaves of Wm Stone dec personally appeared before the subscribed, a justice of the peace for said county and was sworn to view and appraise such estate as should be produced to them truly and justly to the best of their judgment.

Given under my hand this 19th day of Oct, 1855. Jas Miller, J P , S Co. A true and just inventory and appraisement of all the personal estate of William Stone, deceased, which was produced to us by Robert Stone, his Administrator. (here follows list of property).

We do certify that the foregoing inventory contains all the personal estate and slaves of Wm Stone, dec, which hath come to our hands this 19th day of Oct. 1855. R. A. Stone, Adm.

We do certify that the foregoing appraisement was truly and justly made of the personal property and slaves of Wm Stone, deceased, which was produced to us by his executors to the best of our judgment all of which we respectfully report to the Spencer County Court. Given under our hands this 19th day of Oct 1855. James M. Allen, Daniel Stone.
State of Kentucky )
County of Spencer) This Inventory of the Estate of William Stone , dec, was returned to me in my office on the 3rd day of November, 1855 and ordered to be recorded which is done accordingly. Attest ISB , Clerk. See page 398 IBID for report of sale of assets: "Sale Bill of William Stone dec made 20 Oct, 1855: (some items:) Rebecca Stone to 1 pair of tables $10.00 (continues for several items); Robert A. Stone 1 table $3.30 (same); Total sales $1,559.20 (there follows the oath of the administrator, R. A. Stone and the receipt of the clerk of the court."

See book E, p 155, Final Settlement of Estate approved March 1, 1858. It shows a payment of $30.00 to W. V. Stone for surveying. The account was filed by R. A. Stone on November 7, 1857. It makes no mention of heirs.


As seen above, William and Rebecca appear in the 1850 US Census for Taylorsville, Spencer County, Kentucky, living next to their sons Robert A. Stone and George R. Stone and their families. A copy of this census report appears with the file of Robert A. Stone. We are first able to identify a William Stone family in Shelby County, Kentucky, in the 1820 census. However, we believe that he was the William Stone found in the 1810 census of that county. George was 9, Robert was 6. Thus, they had one brother less than 10, three born between 1796 and 1800, and one sister less than 10 and one born between 1796 and 1800. At this time (April 1999) we have not identified their other children. The following chart indicates how many males and females are shown in each census who were born during the years indicated in the left-hand column (Example: In the 1830 census there were 4 males between 20 and 30 years old i.e. born between 1800 and 1810.]:
Males: 1810 1820 1830 Females: 1810 1820 1830
Birth 1760-1770 1
1770-1780 1 1
1765-1784 1 1 1
Bef 1
1784-1 1
1794-1800 1 1
1794-1804 3 1
1800-1810 3 1 4 1 1
1804-1810 2
1810-1815 2
1815-1820 1
1810-1820 1 2

In the following analysis, let (a) represent the 1810 census, (b) the 1820 census and (c) the 1830 census. Our William was born about 1769. He fits all three censuses. Rachael was born about 1774. She also fits. The oldest male child shows born (a) between 1784 and 1794, (b) between 1794 and 1804 and (c) between 1790 and 1800. If these are correct, he was born about 1794 when William was 25 and Rachael was 20. Another male was born (a) between 1794 and 1800, (b) between 1794 and 1804 and (c) between 1800 and 1810. Thus he was born about 1800. George R. Stone was born about 1799. Two other males were born (a ) between 1800 and 1810, (b) between 1794 and 1804, and (c) between 1800 and 1810. Thus, two were born between 1800 and 1804. Another male was born (a) between 1800 and 1810, (b) between 1804 and 1810, and (c) between 1800 and 1810. Thus he was born between 1804 and 1810 . A sixth male was born between 1815 and 1820. Summarizing we have the male children as follows:

Order of Birth Year of Birth Name (* = confirmed)
1 ca1794 William J. Stone d. 1850
2 ca1800 Daniel Stone d. 1864
3 1800-1804 * George R. Stone d. 1881
4 1800-1804 * Robert A. Stone d. 1876
5 1804-1810 Thomas Stone d. 1873
6 1815-1820 Benjamin Stone d. 1875

The Index of Estates, Shelby Co., KY (FHL 482493) makes some references to Stones. Also in the Shelby County census for 1810, born between 1765 and 1784, are found Benjamin Stone (m. Teresa), George Coleman Stone (m. Sally Wells 24 Jan, 1806), James Stone (m. Margaret Wells 24 Jan, 1806) [note the last two were undoubtedly brothers, having married sisters the same day], and another James Stone (m. Sarah Robins 26 Jul, 1809) ; John Stone (m. Polly May 11 Oct 1808). It is possible that some of these men were brothers of William. Combining this information on them we learn:

1. Benjamin W. Stone (d. 1875) m. Teresa E. and had two minor children at his death; John A. Stone & Louisa Stone. A witness to his will was Gervis Stone, son of John H. Stone. He (Benjamin) was a witness to the will of John H. Stone and was the administrator of John's estate. He also may have had a daughter, Harriette who married Benoni Hardin 6 Jan 1817. In 1797 Benjamin became the first Stone to pay taxes in Shelby County, KY. followed by William Stone who joined Benjamin as a taxpayer. In 1800 both are shown as living in Dist. 4 and owning or leasing land on Brashears Creek as is a James Stone. The same three are in District 5 (renumbered?) in 1801 and district 3 in 1802. A Benjamin W. Stone married Louisa Davis on 7 Sep 1831 and Eliza Holt on 9 Jun 1836. This could have been a son or nephew.

2. George Stone: In the 1810 census his spouse was 16-26, with a male >10 , female >10. (Did William name his son George R. after this 'brother'?) A George Stone died in 1831 and left Robert C. (1809-1856), George E. (1836- ),Thomas (1840- ), Robert (1850-) and Caroline. In 1840, Robert C. and his family was living next to William and Rachel as was "E." (Eli?) Stone, age 20 to 30 and his spouse. Robert C. Stone was survived by spouse Susan L. & three minor children, Thomas W., Elizabeth E. and Robert L. Stone.

3. James Stone (1776-1858) m Virginia ---. Born in VA. as was William but 7 years after William. He is shown with William and Benjamin in Both the same district in Shelby County from 1800 for the next several years. Both William and James bought land from Buskirk at about the same time ca. 1824-26.

4. Thomas (d. 1873) m. Sallie A. (on his death, probate sales were made to George R., James B., William H., Eli D . and Thos. D. Stone) (I have listed this Thomas above as a possible son of William). He had a minor son, Thomas, Jr.

William and Rebecca appear in the 1850 U.S.Census for Taylorsville, District 1, Spencer County, Kentucky living next to their sons Robert A. Stone (114) and George Stone (1347) and their families. According to the 1840 Census, two young males less than 15 years of age, were living with William and Rebecca. It is likely that these were grandsons whose parents may have become deceased. In the 1860 US Census of Spencer Co., KY., there are three Stone families not readily identifiable. There is a William Stone, aged 32 with his family, living next door to William's son George's family. He is probably George's son notwithstanding a two year age disparity in his age from that enumerated in the 1850 census of George's family. There are also a William Stone, age 39, his wife Nancy and son Dudley, together with a John B. Stone, his wife Malissa, and sons Calvin and Daniel, living next door to Robert A. Stone. It is possible that these men were the grandsons of William Stone, children of a predeceased child of William and brother of George and Robert Stone.

William was 81 in the 1850 census and Rebecca was 76. They do not appear on the 1860 census and are presumed to have died prior to that time. Suggest thorough research of Spencer County Records for William and Rebecca. In 1830, their son Robert and spouse were in New Harmony, Posey County, Indiana. It is possible that William and Rebecca lived there at that time also. They were both born in Virginia according to census records.


See THE SPARKS QUARTERLY for December, 1966, Whole No. 56, p. 1026 for the following information:

"We now have in print the complete record of Sparks families listed in Kentucky from the first Federal census of 1790 through the seventh. Following are the issues and pages for these census records:

1790 Census, Vol. III, No. 1, Whole No. 9, (March 1955) page 63
1800 Census, Vol. III, No. 1, Whole No. 9, (March 1955) page 63
1810 Census, Vol. III, No. 1, Whole No. 9, (March 1955) page 65
1820 Census, Vol. XIII, No. 1, Whole No. 49, (March 1965) pages 890-93
1830 Census, Vol. VII, No. 3, Whole No. 27, (September 1959) pages 419-22
1840 Census, Vol. XIV, No. 4, Whole No. 56, (December 1966) pages 1025
1850 Census, Vol. V, No. 1, Whole No. 17, (March 1957) pages 205-09
Vol. V. No. 2, Whole No. 18, (June 1957) pages 219-29
Vol. V, No. 3, Whole No. 19, (September 1957) pages 233-39
Vol. XIV, No. 3, Whole No. 55, (September 1966) pages 1011-12