Note H538 Index
see gardiner p. 114-116.
Note H539 Index
see Gardiner p. 117-118
Note H540 Index
He was the Bishop of Winchester and Lord Chancellor of England under Henry VIII.
Note H541 Index
See GARDINER, Vol I, pg. 44:
"Susanna Gardiner, born 1705 in Warburton Manor, Piscataway, Maryland;
died before 9 December, 1742 in Tudor Hall, Leonardtown, Maryland . She
married in 1724, In Hillilee, Chaptico, Maryland, Philip Key, about 4 years
after he arrived in the Maryland Colony from London. Just before her
death, she and Philip Key acquired a grand old plantation home overlooking
Breton Bay which she named "Tudor Hall". Sometime after her death, it
was converted into a full two story home and remains as one of the land-
marks near the center of Leonardtown in St. Mary's County. the name of
Tudor Hall was chosen to commemmorate her line of descendancy from the
royal family of Tudors, as she was descended from Helen Tudor by Helen's
marriage to William Gardiner in 1485. Susanna Gardiner and her husband
Philip Key are the great-grandparents of Francis Scott Key who composed
our National Anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner", while being held a prisoner
aboard a British man-of-war in Baltimore Harbor during the bombardment
of Fort McHenry during the War of 1812. They are interred in Christ Church
Cemetery in Chaptico, St. Mary's County, in a vault directly against the
outside rear wall of the church."
Note H542 Index
see Gardiner book p 21-22.
Note H543 Index
NOTES: See Gardiner, Vol. 1, Gardiner Generations, p 35, who specul ates that Thomas Gardiner married Mary Bond.
See Norma Tucker, Colonial Virginians and Their Maryland Rela tives, pg 139, who speculates that his real name was Thomas Garnett , Esq. who married (1st) a daughter of Charles Tilden of Kent County , MD., and (2nd) maargaret "Peggy" Miskill in Richmond, VA.
Note H544 Index
See GARDINER, GENERATIONS AND RELATIONS, Thomas Richard Gardiner , pub by Thomas R. Gardiner, Leonardtown, MD., 1991; pg 6:
"Sir Thomas Gardiner was born 17 march, 1564 in Bermondsey, Surry , England and died 10 Aug 1632 in Basing, Peckham, Surrey, England . He married 1 Feb 1584, in St. Mary Magdalene Church, Bermondsey, Surrey, England, Ellyn Smyth. Sir Thomas Gardiner wa knighted in 1603 , according to Burke's Peerage. He was Justice of the Peace of Basing and Peckham, Surrey County, England, and was possessed of two Manors in Oxfordshire in addition to his manor, "Basing", where he spent most of his life with his first wife Ellyn Smyth. After she died in 1 617, he married his second wife, Frances Skipwith, daughter of Ralp h Skipwith, Esquire, of Parkbury, Herts. He had no children by this second marriage. Sir Thomas Gardiner died 10 August, 1632, and his second wife, Frances, was buried 4 Sept 1638, after her stepson, Richard, came to Maryland. (Herts. appears to be the abbreviation for Hertfordshire.)
See also BRITISH ROOTS OF MARYLAND FAMILIES, Robert W. Barnes, Gen. Pub. Co., Baltimore, 1999, pp. 203-4.
Note H545 Index
See Gardiner, pg. 209.
Note H546 Index
see page 65
Note H547 Index
See GARDINER, GENERATIONS AND RELATIONS, Thomas Richard Gardiner , Pub. by Thomas R. Gardiner, Leonardtown, Maryland; Vol I, pg 3:
"William Gardiner, born 1488 in London, Lived a while in Hertfordshire, England. He married in 1520, in England, Elizabeth Mitchell . There seems to be only a limited amount of information available on this William Gardiner, brother of Steven, Bishop of Winchester. It is believed that he may have been the presbyter at Canterbury whom Steven Gardiner stopped by to visit on one of his trips back from France (see notes for Steven). It was also brought to the attention of those sitting in judgment at the Excommunication Trial of Steven Gardiner, that he had a brother by the name of William, and this William lived for a while in Hertfordshire. William married Elizabeth Mitchell of Yorkshire, and died in Bermondsey, Surrey.'
"It is quite probable that William had an older brother since it is an old English custom to name the second son after his father and the eldest son after the grandfather, which the Gardiner family has followed with remarkable consistancy down through the generations. The grandfather could come from either side of the family, as this was not followed quite as closely as in the use of the father's name . There was a Richard Gardiner, born about 1486 who was quite prominent in the London area, who may have been an older member of the family, which I have listed as a probability since I can find no other who would more easily fit this situation. He was listed in the service of Henry VIII as "Seargent at Arms." "